Plagiarising Science Fraud

Plagiarising Science Fraud
Newly Discovered Facts, Published in Peer Reviewed Science Journals, Mean Charles Darwin is a 100 Per Cent Proven Lying, Plagiarising Science Fraudster by Glory Theft of Patrick Matthew's Prior-Published Conception of the Hypothesis of Macro Evolution by Natural Selection

Wednesday 8 July 2020

Who is Joachim Dagg?


Would you be interested in a story about plagiarism of a Scottish theory and then an incredible story of multiple irony regarding plagiarism of new data that provides evidence to support that fact that the original plagiarism did happen? The new data was plagiarised and published  in the very same journal where the original plagiarism of the Scottish theory occurred. Most ironically, this latest plagiarism has been perpetrated by those who published two papers in that journal to desperately claim the original 19th century plagiarism never happened.  Are you still with me? If so, you might by now be beginning to realise that this is possibly the world's most ironic story. The story is about Charles Darwin and the English establishment stealing the world's greatest scientific discovery from the Scot Patrick Matthew and now trying to cover it up all over again the 21st century.

If this story was not true you would not dare to make it up.

Dr Joachim Dagg is a deliberate and malicious science fraudster by jealous plagiarism. With no discoveries of his own, he sent one of mine, effectively passing it off as his own to be published under his name in the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Dagg so coveted my research that he plagiarised one of my original groundbreaking research findings in order to give the impression it is his own!

'The term plagiarism derives from the Latin word “plagiarius,” meaning “kidnapper” or “abductor.” Although plagiarism is difficult to define in few words, it can be viewed as the stealing of another person's ideas, methods, results, or words without giving proper attribution.[4] The ORI defines plagiarism as being “theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work.”[3] The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), UK, has defined plagiarism as “the unreferenced use of others published and unpublished ideas.” ' (Source here)

"Among the more than 2,000 retracted life science papers that researchers reviewed in this study, only about 20 percent were retracted because of honest errors. A whopping 70 percent were pulled as a result of scientific misconduct — that is, lying, cheating and/or stealing." (Source here)

Left unchecked, Dagg and his fellow jealous research ne'er-do-wells and others will most likely try to misappropriate more of my prior-published and expertly peer reviewed research and then write about it once again with with no mention of its original prior published source. Left unsanctioned by those he has deceived by his actions, Dagg will probably become a repeat serial liar and repeat science fraudster by plagiarism and will teach others to do likewise.

To date, the Editor of the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society has refused to conduct an investigation into the published (by Dagg), independently verifiable, evidence provided to him of Dagg's deliberate and malicious conduct in plagiarising my research without citation to its source.

This deliberate plagiarism of my research is a legal matter that can have very serious consequences for the publisher and plagiarist author.

"What makes plagiarism reprehensible as such is that it distorts scientific credit." (Paper here).
In the context of stealing orignal research, even taking one important word from the research of another can constitute serious plagiarism. 

A a renowned Oxford University Press Bibliographies author (Sutton 2017) on stolen goods markets, I never thought I would need to contact this esteemed publisher to report that one of it's journals was refusing to correctly investigate the verifiable evidence in a case of malicious plagiarism of my research.

In many ways theft of research findings is a far worse crime than other types of theft. I have no doubt that in the near future I will continue to research and publish in the field of stolen research, discoveries and original ideas. My own experience will be used as just one case study in the regard. I have many others.

Plagiarism of research findings means you are effectively passing them off as your own. When this is both deliberate and malicious, as is the case with Dr Dagg, this is arguably the most serious sub-type of plagiarism.
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If you plagiarise, as Dagg has done, someone's research findings in a scientific journal, this is a most disgraceful offence of serious and gross professional misconduct known as science fraud by plagiary.

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'Plagiarism can be defined in multiple ways, but the most basic definition refers to the act of representing another person’s work as one’s own. Derived from the Latin root plagiarius which means “kidnapper,” plagiarism involves stealing another person’s ideas, words, or results without appropriately assigning credit, effectively passing the work off as one’s own creative output. In defining plagiarism, it is useful to examine the multiple forms that plagiarism can take. Forms of plagiarism include blatant plagiarism, technical plagiarism, patchwork plagiarism, and self-plagiarism. Blatant plagiarism is a deliberate act intended to deceive others; in this case, a person copies work and knowingly omits citation or giving credit to the original source.' (Ref. Here)

Plagiarism of research is deemed to be particularly serious (legal issues explained: here).

Imagine you did some groundbreaking original research that proved the history books and learned journal articles and Darwin Medal winners all wrong for claiming no naturalist had read Patrick Matthew's (1831) theory of evolution by natural selection before Darwin (1858, 1859) and Wallace (1855, 1858) plagiarised it. Imagine that a fanatical Darwinite had written malicious reviews on Amazon of the book containing your research and set up a fanatical blogsite to do more of the same. Imagine then that the very same person plagiarised some of your research in a scholarly journal by failing to cite you as its discoverer? What would you do? What would you expect the journal, its editor and publisher to do? Truth is often stranger than fiction. Because that plagiarist is Dr Dagg. And the journal he used to commit this act of scientific fraud by plagiarism is the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, published by Oxford University Press.

Oxford University provides us with a famous definition of what constitutes plagiarism:
"Plagiarism is presenting someone else's work or ideas as your own, with or without their consent, by incorporating it into your work without full acknowledgement. All published and unpublished material, whether in manuscript, printed or electronic form, is covered under this definition."
 In the very same Journal that Darwin and Wallace used in 1858 to plagiarise Patrick Matthew's (1831) prior published  theory of macro evolution by natural selection Dagg has committed an act of serious academic and professional misconduct by way of deliberate and malicious plagiarism of the research of another person. HERE. The prior published research in question is mine.

All data is scientific data. The data Dagg plagiarised is from my original, extensively disseminated at prestigious academic conferences, published (in two books, in the press and a peer reviewed journal article) unique research finding of 2014 that in 1842 Selby many times cited Patrick Matthew's (1831) detailed hypothesis/theory of evolution by natural selection. In his references section, Dagg also further plagiarised the publication (detected by my prior-published, 2014, 2015, 2017 etc research with the IDD Big Data research method) in his references section. Weale did the same in his article in the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Both their acts of plagiarism of my research data fall under the most serious category of failing to cite the source of research data used. Worse still when that data is not the plagiariser's own!:

  1.  'Plagiarism in empirical research includes: i) copying or using any data without citation (and permission)' .
  2. ‘’ is a relational category applied to research outputs that are taken, at specific moments of inquiry, to provide evidence for knowledge claims of interest to the researchers involved. They do not have truth-value in and of themselves, nor can they be seen as straightforward representations of given phenomena. Rather, they are fungible objects defined by their portability and their prospective usefulness as evidence' (here). 

What Dagg conveniently left out of his apology for an academic article when he plagiarised and so    effectively  stole my Selby discovery by failing to attribute its source to its discoverer is that the naturalist Selby was editor of the journal that published Alfred Wallace's (1855) famous Sarawak paper on evolution by natural selection (a paper read by Darwin pre-1858). Dagg also conveniently failed to mention that Selby was also was a friend of Charles Darwin's father (who was a house guest of Selby) and that Selby was a very close friend of Darwin's close friend and prolific correspondent Leonard Jenyns - and others in Charles Darwin's close knit circle). Full citations to the source of all these facts are in my books of 2014 and 2017 (both maliciously reviewed on Amazon by Dagg before he plagiarised the Selby cited Matthew discovery!) Nullius in Verba: Darwin's greatest secret. 

Dagg's failure to cite my research as the source of new knowledge about Selby (1842) citing Matthew (1831) in the field of Darwin's plagiarism research, and Dagg's linked use in his references section of the book unearthed, in that context, solely by my research. is serious research findings plagiarism even it was accidental. The fact it was clearly maliciously deliberate makes it all the more reprehensibly serious and in need of a serious and fitting deterrent punishment to Dagg and to others.

"...plagiarism (in principle) can consist in as little as one word, while there are many standard sentences describing research methods that will not be plagiarism even if, in fact, copied from someone else. This is to say that the unmarked reuse of some very short passages might be plagiarism, even though the reuse of other equally short passages would not. The conclusion to draw from this is that plagiarism has to do with quality rather than quantity – or, more precisely, with what is unique rather than so common that it cannot be attributed to [just] anyone." (see: Helgesson G, Eriksson S: “Plagiarism in research”, Medicine,Health Care and Philosophy 18:1 (2015):91-101)

Matthew (1831) uniquely coined the term 'natural process of selection' to name his bombshell break through and Darwin (1858), who later knowingly lied (after Matthew had informed him otherwise) by claiming no other naturalist had read Matthew's theory and that he had not read it before replicating it, uniquely four-word shuffled Matthew's term to 'process of natural selection'.  It being a process, natural (as opposed to artificial - as Matthew explained first by analogy with regard to forest trees) and about selection.

 Please note that Loren Eiseley (1979) discovered that Darwin had earlier replicated Matthew's exact same unique forest trees v those raised in nurseries explanatory analogy in a private essay in 1844. Matthew was a forester and arboriculturalist as well as a noted botanist, internationally famous hybridiser of apples and farmer.  Darwin would later try to portray Matthew as a non entity by describing him as 'an obscure Scottish writer on forest trees'!

That fact of Darwin's use of Matthew's unique and powerful explanatory analogy for natural selection alone was enough to turn Professor Eiseley from a Darwin fan, who had earlier written an entire book praising Darwin, to an accuser that he committed science fraud by plagiary. Since then an overwhelming preponderance of further evidence has been unearthed to allow any reasonable person to conclude that it is far more likely than not, and probably beyond all reasonable doubt, that both Darwin and Wallace in their Linnean Journal papers of 1858 and Darwin (1859) in his book 'The Origin of Species' committed the worlds greatest science fraud by plagiary.

 Sadly, today others are engaging in serious academic misconduct - some arguably amounting to concerted criminal harassment over several years - in an attempt to re-bury this important research data.

'The aim of combating plagiarism is to improve the quality, to achieve satisfactory results and to compare the results of their own research, rather than copying the data from the results of other people's research. Copy leads to incorrect results. Nowadays the problem of plagiarism has become huge, or widespread and present in almost all spheres of human activity, particularly in science.
Scientific institutions and universities should have a center for surveillance, security, promotion and development of quality research. Establishment of rules and respect the rules of good practice are the obligations of each research institutions, universities and every individual researchers, regardless of which area of science is being investigated. There are misunderstandings and doubts about the criteria and standards for when and how to declare someone a plagiarist. European and World Association of Science Editors (EASE and WAME), and COPE - Committee on Publishing Ethics working on the precise definition of that institution or that the scientific committee may sanction when someone is proven plagiarism and familiarize the authors with the types of sanctions. The practice is to inform the editors about discovered plagiarism and articles are withdrawn from the database, while the authors are put on the so-called black list. So far this is the only way of preventing plagiarism, because there are no other sanctions.' (Source: Izet Masic (2014), Plagiarism in Scientific Research and Publications and How to Prevent It).

In addition to the Selby cited Matthew in 1842 discovery, my original research uncovered many others, including famous naturalists who were close associates of Darwin and Wallace, their influencers and their influencer's influencers who cited Matthew's (1831) book in the literature before Darwin and Wallace replicated the theory in it and then claimed independent discovery of the same theory, same name for that theory and same explanatory analogies of difference between natural and artificial selection for it, and much more besides. All these independently verifiable facts are fully referenced and discussed in depth in Nullius in Verba. All these original facts were detected using the innovative  Internet Date Detection (IDD) research method (see Sutton and Griffiths 2018). That method only worked for a limited period of time. Were I to have begun my research today I would never be able to find what I found back in 2013/14. And so Dagg would not have been able to plagiarise my research.

Since it is important and in the public interest that the history of science and discoveries made in that field be informed from the original research that first unearthed them, who actually first unearthed them (On the Selby discovery alone see Sutton 2014, 2015 and this 2016 press article as just a few examples among many), I have very recently written to the academic journal editor Of the Linnean Journal informing him of Dagg's actions - supplying him with the proof that Dagg had read my prior published research containing the fact that the famous naturalist (a friend of Darwin's father and Darwin's friend and prolific correspondent Jenyns) "Selby cited Matthew in 1842" and  Selby wrote on aspects of his theory therein.

Dagg - who like his correspondent, (a well known criminal cyberstalker, harasser, obsessive poison pen emailer and criminal harasser of Nottingham Trent University staff) and fellow harasser, Darwin fanatic, Julian Derry - had prior been following me all over the internet to harass me and Patrick Matthew's third great grandson Howard Minnick.

Dagg has also written two ludicrous and malicious attacks on Amazon books about my published original research findings  - also prior to plagiarising parts of that research in the Linnean Journal (e.g. here - archived here [scroll down to read Dagg's malicious November 2017 review], also published before his 2018 Linnean Journal article that deliberately plagiarises my important bombshell "Selby research discovery" of 2014).

Following the publication of my research that proved (contrary to prior knowledge based on Darwin's published defence  falsehoods) that many other naturalists in fact did read and cite Patrick Matthew's (1831) book,  Dagg also set up a ludicrous website to write at great and obsessive length his absurd claims about my other published research on the Spinach, Popeye, Iron and Decimal Point error myth. (See Dagg 2016) and other ludicrously malicious obsessive and clearly demented issues invented inside his mind about me and my research findings.

In the interests of public protection against plagiarisers and harassers, the actions of Dagg and his friends can be studied in greater detail on the Patrick Matthew website (here).

History will not be kind to these people for their fraudulent and anti-scientific disservice to the history of science and discovery


Appendix of Evidence of Dr Dagg's Deliberate and Malicious Plagiarism Sent to the Editor of the Boilogical Journal of  the Linnean Society.

  1. Dagg's website in question is here (archived) where you can see he tries to discredit my well known research about a supposedly famous mistake in the iron content of spinach. This is relevant because it is evidence that his later plagiarism in the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society is both deliberate and part of a long-term malicious and weirdly obsessive campaign. 
  2. Next, dating back to my book and articles on the subject in 2014 (Dagg's published work on them archived) You will see that Dagg's same website obsesses further about my prior published research on Patrick Matthew.
  3. Dr Dagg's prior published malicious review of my book is archived (here) (also here). If you scroll down this archived file you can read his fully signed Amazon book review of my book and his admission, he also read my earlier book on the topic of 2014, which like my second book contains the Selby 1842 discovery from my research.
  4. Dr Dagg's publicly published correspondence about his Biological  Journal of the Linnean Society article and about me, with Julian Derry (who has been written to by Nottingham Trent University's legal department and head of Corporate Affairs to demand he cease his libel and obsessive harassment of myself and others regarding our research and peer reviewed publications into Darwin and Matthew) is included in the image (highlighted) screenshot. That image is on the Wikipedia talk page on Patrick Matthew (archived here
  5. 100% proof (yes such a thing actually does exist) that Dagg plagiarised my Selby discovery with malicious intent HERE and more insanely jealous obsessive published nonsense from him Here and Here and Here  
  6. Most seriously, Here we have Dagg publishing information about the peer review process and names the reviewers of his plagiarising article and the editor of the journal in the Linnean journal. Note that he also names his assistants in writing it: Julian Derry (the obscene insane cyber stalker and criminal harasser who is under legal notice to cease and desist from Nottingham Trent University) and Mike Weal. It should be noted here that Dr Mike Weale also rapidly plagiarised my (2014) Selby discovery data in his own (2015) Linnean society paper and then he sent ludicrous malicious communication allegations to the VC of Nottingham Trent University to try to have me dismissed for defending my peer reviewed published research on Darwin's plagiarism from claims it is all a silly conspiracy theory. Weal's slyly malicious allegations were completely thrown out by Nottingham Trent University in an investigation, headed by HR and a Professor of Criminal Justice, that concluded his allegations were both strange and certainly "disingenuous" and that no action should be taken against me.) In Weale's plagairism of my Selby discovery, he also failed to cite the original source of that research finding coming form my research (not his) and, just like Dagg, Weale also used my prior-published research data regarding the book Selby published his remarks about Matthew's 1831 book. Weale is also under formal investigation for his plagiarism of my research and associated behaviour.
  7. Just like Dagg, his original co-author Derry also published ludicrous fact denial malicious reviews of my books before helping Dagg out with the paper in which Dagg plagiarized my research. 
Besides my two books on the topic of Matthew and Darwin, which have been extensively covered in the national press, published proof that my prior-published research findings are the original source of the Selby cited Matthew in 1842 can be found in many published sources. These sources include, but are by no means limited to, this peer reviewed academic article ( And also in this prominently published article on a Sunday Lecture I gave on the topic at Conway Hall in London (here).

The research Dagg  plagiarized by failing to attribute the Selby (1842) reference to my research has been extensively covered in the press and is, therefore, by no means obscure. I attach examples of press coverage below:

2. Scottish Daily Mail 2014 (archived)
3.The  Courier  March 15th 2016 (archived)
4. Deadline March 16th 2016 (archived)
5.The Courier 19th March 2016 (archived)
6. The Courier 22nd March 2016 (archived)
8. The Nottingham Post 2016 (28.3.2016)
10. Sputnik (France) 2016 (archived)
11. Sputnik (Germany) 2016 (archived)
12. The Courier (May 2016) (archived)
13. The Courier (May 2017) (archived)
14. Several articles (May 2017) Press Reader
15. The Courier (August 2017) (archived)
16. The Courier (Sept 2017) (archived)
17. The Evening Telegraph (Sept 2017) (archived)
18. The Courier (Sept 2018) (archived) 
19. The Courier (Nov 2019) (archived)

I have further published (some not published) independently verifiable evidence that Dagg  deliberately and maliciously plagiarized my research.

Imagine what would happen next if these sly machinating and maliciously jealous plagiarists Weale and Dagg were allowed to escape without severe and appropriate punishment for their plagiarism of my research? What would they plagiarise next and pass off as their own? Maybe they also jealously covet my other original research discovery that the naturalist geoplogist and publisher Robert Chambers who met and corresponded with Darwin pre-1858 (said to have put evolution in the air in the first half of the 19th century) cited Matthew pre-1858? Maybe they would plagiarise any number of the others in List 1 from my book Nullius in Verba: Darwin's greatest secret. What about Jameson, whose sponsor was William Hooker, father of Darwin's botanical mentor and collaborator in the Linnean Journal plagiarism debacle of Matthew's (1831) theory in 1858?

By misappropriating my research discovery about Selby, by not referencing my prior published books containing it (Sutton 2014 & 2017), and so passing it off as their own discovery based on their own research, Weale and Dagg effectively also, by default misappropriated my unique IDD research method that discovered Selby's citations of Matthew and the book he wrote them in. In the future, if this plagiarism, is not redacted there may well be unintended consequences if the negative impact of Google's Rank Brain autonomous artificial intelligence program on research in the Google Library is not part of our future knowledge about the negative impact artificial intelligence can have on human society (Sutton and Griffiths 2018). Because the research that discovered Selby, and others in my List 1 of those who we newly know cited Matthew (1831) pre-1858 only worked for a limited period of time. If I was to begin my research on this issue today, those books would all be undetectable, as they had been for over a century before.

Surely, according to the COPE guidelines on plagiarism (here), both Dagg and Weale should have their papers retracted by the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society and then both authors should be placed on a plagiariser 'black list', simply because their individual papers each contain acts of plagiarism of my important research that first informed the world that Selby had read Matthew's research in 1842, written about it and where it is absolutely proven he did so.

Plagiarists, once discovered are made an example of. It is to protect us all from those who seek to corrupt the history of discovery by stealing research results, and also so pretending they found them without recourse to my IDD research method, by slyly inserting themsleves where they have no right to be. It is bad enough that Darwin and Wallace got away with it when they plagiarised Matthew's prior published theory. We must not allow their fanatical worshippers to do the same. It is our duty to protect those who follow us from what we know is the great evil of  jealous thieving dishonesty, slyly perpetrated to steal the truth.
We all have a right to know the truth.

List 1 from Nullius in Verba: Darwin's Greatest Secret (2014, 2017) with my latest research discovered updates in blue font.

By way of yet another example amongst all of  Dagg's totally fabricated lying nonsense on this Wikipedia page, added there by his little friend Julian Derry,  about me mistaking things for things they are not, Dagg the Plagiarist wrongly claims (because he makes a habit of being either dishonest, fraudulent, or plain wrong throughout his idiotic Darwin deification work) that I made a mistake in discovering a Matthewism later used by Selby. Dagg, cited on it in Wikipedia - added there by his co-nutter, academic failure and obsessive Wikipedia editor, Derry, wrongly co-claims Selby did not even use the term "greater power of occupancy". Dagg systematically fails to understand, or perhaps just stupidly dishonestly pretends he doesn't have the gumption to understand (in the way some immature  teenagers and some adults with intellectual/learning difficulty disabilities behave), what my research finding of who is apparently first to be second with any phrase or term means and how I have interpreted and very clearly and fully explained it in my research on Darwin's plagiarism of Matthew's theory. Dagg's typical intellectually challenged stupidity is archived here.

That Wikipedia, falsehood, and typical utter nonsense, invented by Dagg inside his own little head and put on Wikipedia by his dysological and similarly "pseudo-science gifted" pal Derry is archived (here).

In reality, the fact is that I originally found Selby was apparently first to be second with that exact term in published print. The image below is of my List 2 published in my 500 page e-book (Sutton 2014) Nullius in Verba: Darwin's greatest secret. Image below on a Kindle




The  Dagg and Derry Show Part II - Where they continue to write ludicrous made up inside their own heads tales about the history of science, leave a web of tangled junk for consumption by the credulous Darwinite horde and it seems to me that in the process they fail to cite their greatest influencer, on the topic of their silly article (here).